This concentric circle diagram of Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) - PDF, lays out a framework for family planning services within the context of related preventive health services and other preventive health services.
The Inner Circle
Family planning services include:
- Contraceptive services for clients who want to prevent pregnancy and space births
- Pregnancy testing and counseling
- Assistance to achieving pregnancy
- Basic infertility services
- Preconception health (includes screening for obesity, smoking, and mental health)
- Sexually transmitted disease services (including HIV/AIDS)
The Middle Circle
Related preventive health services that are appropriate to deliver in the context of a family planning visit even though they do not contribute directly to achieving or preventing pregnancy include screening for breast and cervical cancer.
The Outer Circle
Other preventive health services include preventive health services for women as well as men, such as screening for lipid disorders, skin cancer, colorectal cancer, or osteoporosis. Although important in the context of primary care, these services have no direct link to family planning services.